Friday, September 25, 2009

A Man of Rare Moral Conviction - Joseph McCarthy

Eternal Vigilance is the Price of Freedom. Bring forth the trumpets of alarm to risk being branded a mere disturber of the peace.
In the 1940's Joe McCarthy became aware of and tried to expose the communist threat of his time, a threat which still exists today in a different but equally destructive form. His methods were not pristine and pure, they were aggressive. After all, he was dealing with weasels who covered so assiduously for soviet spies like Alger Hiss and Harry Dexter White. McCarthy was a bulldog, and he did prove communism had infiltrated high levels of our government. Even so, the leftists branded McCarthy a 'witch hunter' and turned the media toward total destruction of his reputation. Today his name as villainous is better known to us than those of the communist ne'er-do-wells that conspired to overturn our political system. "With Joe McCarthy it was the losers who've written the history which condemns him," said Dan Flynn, director of Accuracy in Academia's recent national conference on McCarthy, broadcast by C-SPAN.

Joseph Raymond McCarthy(1908- 1957)studied engineering and earned a law degree at Marquette University in Milwaukee, 1935. While in school, he had coached boxing and was elected president of his law school class, all while working a series of part-time jobs. In 1939, he was elected as a circuit judge, the youngest in Wisconsin state history. A few years later, at age 33 and although exempted because of his judicial position, McCarthy volunteered for the U. S. Marine Corps and served during WWII. He fought in the South Pacific, flew over 30 combat missions, and won the Distinguished Flying Cross. Admiral Chester Nimitz issued the following citation regarding the service of Captain McCarthy:
“For meritorious and efficient performance of duty as an observer and rear gunner of a dive bomber attached to a Marine scout bombing squadron operating in the Solomon Islands area from September 1 to December 31, 1943. He participated in a large number of combat missions, and in addition to his regular duties, acted as aerial photographer. He obtained excellent photographs of enemy gun positions, despite intense anti-aircraft fire, thereby gaining valuable information which contributed materially to the success of subsequent strikes in the area. Although suffering from a severe leg injury, he refused to be hospitalized and continued to carry out his duties as Intelligence Officer in a highly efficient manner. His courageous devotion to duty was in keeping with the highest traditions of the naval service.”
In 1947, he was elected to the U.S. Senate. Gregarious and open with his friends, McCarthy was invited as a guest speaker by many different organizations; and he was found to be well-versed on a variety of subjects. Becoming a regular in the Washington social circle, he was described as charming and friendly by those who met him. However, in working hard and trying to do his job efficiently, his fellow senators found him quick-tempered, impatient, and something of a loner.

Finding a series of discrepancies and problems in government, McCarthy's star was about to rapidly and unexpectedly rise. On February 9, 1950, McCarthy made a sensational speech at Wheeling, WV, stating that he had a list of communists who had infiltrated the State Department. That speech brought attention from the whole country upon his shoulders, and he soon became a major political force. John F. Kennedy, who knew Joe fairly well, evaluated his accusations seriously and had later called him a 'great American patriot.' In 1953 Robert Kennedy joined McCarthy's staff.

It was expected that all true Americans wanted to weed our government of communism and, therefore, McCarthy readily cooperated with officials of the FBI. However, he ran into resistance when trying to retrieve information from them. He hadn't realized he was fighting against much of the Washington establishment. High government officials did not want known that many of their past appointments and associations were with communists or sympathizers, and President Truman was fearful that exposures would reflect on key Democrat members. Big media and the academic world also had their reasons for hoping McCarthy failed as they had become very leftist as a result of the Depression and World War II.

There had been subliminal pressures to get people like Hiss and Miller to resign, but the whole thing was kept secret from the public and numerous suspects stayed on the payroll. There was also a lot of internal squabbling that blocked effective action. So as McCarthy willingly shared his information with the FBI and asked for supporting documents, the documents requested were heavily censored or redacted. The FBI was getting the information and funneling it to the State Department security office, which then dealt from within over named suspects in trying to avoid public scrutiny. McCarthy adapted and proved tough in spite of such adversity and animosity.

It had been said that McCarthy was simply fishing, that he had no sources, very little information, and that he was exaggerating what he had. However, J. Edgar Hoover knew better, and it now appears McCarthy had a lot more incriminating leads than he let on. If anything, he understated his concerns, not overstated them. Early in his investigation, "McCarthy concluded that to fight communism effectively it was not enough to denounce communism in general; anyone--even a communist--could claim to oppose communism. The Senator decided that it was necessary to identify those responsible for treasonous policies and then accuse them on the basis of what they actually had done, not on the basis of the ideas to which they paid lip service." He forged on with rare moral courage, and he did uncover communism within our government.

1953 - In the spring, he investigated waste and mismanagement at Voice of America.
In the summer, he investigated the State Department overseas. From their libraries were withdrawn 30,000 pro-communist books.
In the fall, he investigated the Army and the Defense Department, focusing on the spy rings at Ft. Monmouth, NJ. That was where the Rosenbergs had infiltrated U.S. atomic secrecy. A few years later, a Democrat Congress decided Ft. Monmouth was so compromised by Soviet penetration that it had to be shut down.

Other soviet agents in high positions included:

Harry Hopkins, who was so close to FDR that he lived in the White House,
Laughlin Currie, an economist and administrative assistant to Presidents Roosevelt and Truman,
Alger Hiss, Roosevelt foreign policy advisor and first secretary general of the United Nations, a key figure in getting the U.N. started.
Harry Dexter White, assistant secretary of the Treasury and Truman’s appointee as director of the International Monetary Fund.

The above have all been confirmed, among hundreds of others, to have been agents of the USSR. In addition to the multitudes of executive branch agents, we also now know of at least three Congressmen working clandestinely for the Soviet Union during this time period.

There was a communist spy ring involving Foreign Service officer John S. Service and Philip Jaffe, the editor of pro-communist magazine Amerasia. In addition to Service, other State Department China hands who gave aid and comfort to the Communists were John Paton Davies, Edmund Clubb, and John Carter Vincent.

McCarthy accurately targeted Owen Lattimore, a key State Department adviser and a Communist. Owen Lattimore was the man that McCarthy made the most allegations against, going so far as to say that he would stake his entire reputation on the question of whether Lattimore was a communist agent. Now, we have absolute proof that McCarthy was right.

His charge against Mary Jane Keeney, a Soviet agent who served as a State Department employee at the U.N., was proven correct.

He investigated an Army dentist named Irving Peress who took the 5th amendment 20 times in connection with his affiliation with the Communist Party. In its report on the Peress case, the McClellan Committee said that "some 48 errors of more than minor importance were committed by the Army in connection with the commissioning, transfer, promotion, and honorable discharge of Irving Peress." Therefore, the Army made big changes in its security program, including a policy statement that said "the taking of the Fifth Amendment by an individual queried about his Communist affiliations is sufficient to warrant the issuance of a general discharge rather than an honorable discharge."
--Desperately, the Army made a complaint of their own that Roy Cohn, a McCarthy committee staff member, had tried to get extra passes for a former staffer David Schine. The Hearings concluded that McCarthy himself had nothing to do with that.
--That same committee did find against the Army that their Secretary Robert Stevens and Army Counsel John Adams "made efforts to terminate or influence the investigation and hearings at Fort Monmouth," and that Counsel Adams also "made vigorous and diligent efforts" to block subpoenas for members of the Army Loyalty and Screening Board "by means of personal appeal to certain members of the [McCarthy] committee."

"With the opening of the KGB archives and the release of the VENONA intercepts - decoded Soviet KGB and GRU traffic - it has been proved that McCarthy was absolutely right about the extensive Soviet penetration of the U.S. government in all the most sensitive sections and i ts danger to America. According to the KGB archives the NKVD had 221 agents in the Roosevelt administration in April 1941 and the Soviet military GRU probably ha d a like number. He was proved right that the Communist Party, U.S.A., was an arm of the Soviet intelligence apparatus and the Soviet Union considered the US as their "main enemy." His liberal critics in academie and the mainstream media, who denied there was communist subversion and made excuses for it, were proved absolutely wrong! This should have discredited the liberal ideology and those who mouthed it. Because the left had no answer or effective reply to the challenge McCarthy posed, they engaged in personal destruction - they smeared and demonized McCarthy."
from The Life and Times of Joseph McCarthy, Professor Thomas C. Reeves, 1997
"Government was hardly the only domain targeted by Soviet espionage. Influential media figures like I.F. Stone of The Nation, Michael Straight, editor of The New Republic, and Pulitzer Prize Winner Walter Duranty of The New York Times were actually agents of the Soviet Union. Prominent unions like the Congress of Industrial Organizations and the Screen Actors Guild were dominated by Communists. Even major industrialists like Armand Hammer did their part by laundering Soviet money to domestic U.S. Communists."
Daniel J. Flynn
"McCarthy attacked liberalism itself, exposing its fraud by proving liberal's willingness to side with communist infiltration and treason, to glamorize the brutality of communist governments. Liberalism sympathizes with and protects communism's champions and professes to find moral worth in a system of absolute evil. Liberalism and communism are both infected with the same materialistic secular virus and have such philosophical affinity that usually they cannot be distinguished. Their identical world-view creates a "strong affinity between the communists and New Dealers; between the progressive and totalitarian visions of the maximalist state."
Professor A. Herman
By 1954, interest in McCarthy's cause began to experience fatigue. Senator Ralph Flanders saw his opportunity to introduce a resolution accusing McCarthy of conduct "unbecoming a member of the United States Senate."

When a special session of the Senate convened to vote on November 8, 1954, these were the two bogus charges to be debated:
1) That Senator McCarthy had "failed to cooperate" in 1952 with a senate subcommittee that was looking into his private and political life in connection with a resolution for his expulsion from the Senate; (No one has to voluntarily come before a Senate Committee, and certainly not a Senator.)
2) That in conducting a senatorial inquiry, Senator McCarthy had "intemperately abused" General Ralph Zwicker.
(This was dropped at the last moment. Before the Senate Armed Services Committee on March 21, 1957, Zwicker's own assessment of his testimony before McCarthy on February 18, 1954, was: "I think there are some circumstances … that would certainly tend to give a person the idea that perhaps I was recalcitrant, perhaps I was holding back, and perhaps I wasn't too cooperative.... I am afraid I was perhaps overcautious and perhaps on the defensive, and that this feeling … may have inclined me to be not as forthright, perhaps, in answering the questions put to me as I might have been otherwise.")

The vote went against him. Although meaningless in itself, the liberal press used the vote as their best weapon to bash McCarthy the rest of his life. Whereas in the beginning of 1954 he was rated the fourth most admired American with a 50 percent favorable, he experienced a downward spiral as the media kept at him. By summer of 1954, he had 36 percent favorable and 51 percent unfavorable rating.

McCarthy retained about 35 percent favorable ratings throughout the rest of his life. Bobby Kennedy never lost faith in him and remained loyal, even naming McCarthy the godfather of his first child. Though asked, JFK would never say anything negative about Joe McCarthy. Perhaps the ever-astute John Kennedy also saw the truth about communist infiltration and knew that the facts would come out one day.

After his censure, McCarthy continued senatorial duties for another two and a half years, but he was noticeably declined physically and mentally. At age 48, on May 2, 1957, McCarthy died in Bethesda Naval Hospital. The official cause of death was acute hepatitis.

"On the evening of May 1, 1957, while convalescing from a bout of hepatitis at Bethesda Naval Hospital in Maryland, the courageous senator was quietly administered poisonous carbon tetrachloride by persons unknown. (Eight years earlier the CIA had murdered Secretary of Defense, James Forrestal, in that same hospital. Forrestal had been working on an expose of Soviet espionage rings in the Pentagon and treason in the Truman Administration when he was suddenly silenced in 1949)."

The Media Fools a Naive NationAlien subversives and traitors of the New World Order in their effort to silence McCarthy, ironically characterized him as an enemy of free speech. The First Amendment, of course, is there to protect men like McCarthy, men who dare to identify treason in high places.

These traitors released news stories about the five volumes of McCarthy hearings, reporting that McCarthy accused people of being communists who were not, and saying that he bullied innocent people. Reporters had written what Donald Ritchie, the Senate historian who edited the published hearings, told them. Author M. Stanton Evans contacted reporters for Roll Call newspaper, the Washington Post, and Reuters in a fruitless attempt to get the name of one innocent victim of McCarthy.

Ritchie appeared on a Fox News show hosted by John Gibson, who said McCarthy was a drunk who “went around the bend.” He went on to say that while McCarthy did find communists and security risks “from time to time,” he uncovered no espionage agents or subversion. Wes Vernon of wrote a series of stories noting that Ritchie’s criticism of McCarthy was just wrong.

Joel Brinkley in the New York Times said McCarthy did not hesitate “to destroy reputations and lives.” Closer to the truth is that some in the media wanted to destroy McCarthy. The Washington Post was preparing to publish major allegations of illegal conduct against McCarthy until it learned at the last minute that its source was a con man.

A group of left-wing assassins created a group called the 'Clearing House' to smear McCarthy. They got much of their information from columnist Jack Anderson.

Reed Irvine, chairman of Accuracy in Media, told how he himself had been a leftist in his early career. He had been against McCarthy, but McCarthy's speeches had made him think and start to read "evidence that I had avoided." He described how all during his military career as a Marine officer and later in Japan with the U.S. occupation he had never hidden his leftist views and later had even been offered a job at the CIA. Irvine argued that real communists were only in the hundreds, but that thousands of leftists, such as he, all feared McCarthy and had wanted him discredited.

Innocent victims?
To this day, it is impossible to find any innocent victims of McCarthy's bully tactics. "No American citizen was interrogated without benefit of legal counsel, none was arrested or detained without due judicial process, and no one went to jail without trial."
Arthur Herman, George Mason University History Professor, author of Joseph McCarthy: Reexamining the Life and Legacy of America’s Most Hated Senator
The Communist Party was not outlawed and being a member was not a crime.

Leftist George Clooney made a picture featuring Annie Lee Moss portraying her to seem innocent. Annie Lee Moss was a black woman who worked for the Army as a code clerk in the Pentagon. She was identified by an undercover agent of the FBI as a member of the Communist Party. Moss denied it, the Democrats sprang to her defense, and she has been treated ever since as an innocent victim of McCarthy. However, FBI files on her that shows otherwise. Records prove she was a party member. The FBI record further shows that the Army itself had been trying to get rid of Mrs. Moss as a security risk throughout 1951, but somebody up at the top had mysteriously cleared her despite this.

NBC News correspondent Pete Williams aired a report about the transcripts of the closed-door McCarthy hearings. He focused on an alleged innocent victim of the senator: composer Aaron Copland. Williams said that Copland, when asked about Soviet policies replied, “I spend my days writing symphonies, concertos, ballads, and I am not a political thinker.” Williams said Copland “was never called to testify in public,” suggesting he was completely innocent of charges that he had communist connections.
But writing in National Review, historian Ronald Radosh noted that Copland had “a record of a vast amount of cooperation with communist front groups.” Radosh said that Copland was “thoroughly dishonest” in claiming he didn’t have communist connections and that his attendance at a communist “peace” conference was for the purpose of investigating the communists. Radosh said that Copland, who swore under oath in 1934 that he never knew a communist, was in fact a member of the Composers Collective, an affiliate of the Workers’ Music League of the Communist Party. Copland even wrote a May Day song for the communists, “Into the Streets May First,” whose music and text were featured on the cover of a communist party cultural magazine, New Masses.
AP quoted Terry Teachout, a New York-based music critic and commentator, as saying, “He was involved with the communist party up to his ears. Whether or not he was an actual card-carrying member of the party, nobody knows.” Professor David Schiff of Reed College says that the Depression transformed Copland “from an alienated aesthete into a politically engaged populist. Most of his friends turned to communism for solutions to the economic crisis. Howard Pollack reveals that on two occasions in 1934 Copland actually got on the stump to support Communist Party candidates...” In spite of knowledge about his communist ties and his perjury in regard to such, no prosecution of Copland ever took place.

"Although Joseph McCarthy was one of the most demonized American politicians of the last century, new information -- including half-century-old FBI recordings of Soviet embassy conversations -- are showing that McCarthy was right in nearly all his accusations......almost every case he charged has now been proven correct. Whether it was stealing atomic secrets or influencing U.S. foreign policy, communist victories in the 1940s were fed by an incredibly vast spy and influence network" Jon Basil Utley
Setting the Record on Joe McCarthy Straight, December 2013

Justice is turned back, and righteousness stands far away; for truth has stumbled in the public squares, and uprightness cannot enter. Truth is lacking, and he who departs from evil makes himself a prey. The Lord saw it, and it displeased Him that there was no justice. Isaiah 59:14, 15 ESV

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